Kennings

To liven up skaldic patter, here is a brief list of some of the more common kennings:

Arrows—wound-bees
Axe—wound-wolf, wound-griever
Battle—clash of the valkyrie, game of iron, storm, storm of metal
Beer—pool of malt, sea of the horn
Blacksmith—pole of iron
Blood—arrow-dew, milk of corpses, river of swords
Drinking horn—auroch’s spear
Eagle—battle-crane, vulture of battle
Earth—fjord of the heather
Farm land—sorrow of oxen
Fire—terror of the birch
Generous—hostile to gold
Cold—arm-fire, fire of the wave, Frodi’s flour, moon of the sea, river-fire
Corpse—raven’s meat
Gold—Sif’s hair, Freyja’s tears
Head—helmet-crag, shoulder-stone
Hearth-stone—table of fire
Hot iron—gold of the fire
King—giver of rings, land-demander
Man—Odin’s oak, shield-wood, tree of gold
Mead—Kvassir’s blood
Ocean—whale-road
Poetry—giant’s drink, mead of Odin, Odin’s theft
Sea—belt of the earth, plain of seals
Shield—spear-cloud
Ship—sea-king’s horse, sea-king’s ski, sea-steed
Silver—snow
Sky—wind-bowl
Snake—thong of the heather, valley-fish
Spear—flying thorn
Sword—glory of battle, hilt-wand, war-flame, wound-engraver, wound-snake
Warrior—enemy of trolls, painter of the wolf’s tooth, rouser of the valkyrie, spear-shaker, wolf-feeder
Wife—goddess of the needle, pourer of beer
Wind—enemy of the sail, wave-troubler
Winter—death of snakes
Wolf—horse of the giantess
Woman—goddess of the arm

Kennings

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